Every matter is produced up of atoms in this universe. The atoms are neutral electrically. This is because the amount of protons and electrons in each atom is equal. Protons are charged Positively. Today, I will describe the electric charge in simple words.
In an atom, protons sit together with electrically neutral neutrons in the central nucleus. The protons in the nucleus are heavily bounded. Thus, no ordinary method can separate protons from the nucleus. Each electron revolves in the definite orbit around the nucleus. Electrons are charged negatively. An electron’s quantity of electric charge is exactly the same as that of a proton but in nature the opposite. The electrons are negative, and there are positive protons. So, a piece of matter that is normally electrically neutral, as it is made up of electrically neutral atoms.
But not all of the electrons are bounded in the atoms as well. Few of the electrons farthest from the nucleus may, be separated by any means. If some of these detachable electrons of a body’s neutral atoms are withdrawn, the body’s electrons will have a deficit. The complete amount of protons in the body becomes more than the complete amount of electrons in the body after removing some of the detachable electrons from the neutral body. As a result, the body is charged positively. Not only can a body supply electron, but it can also absorb some additional electrons provided from outside. In that case, the body will be charged negatively.
Thus, electric charge is called the deficit or excess of electrons in a body of matter.
An electron’s charge is very low and equal to . Therefore, the total number of electrons has 1 Coulomb electric charge. So, if the number of excess electrons in a body deficit is equal to , the body will be 1 coulomb negative electrical charge. The number of electrons, the body will have a favorable electric charge of 1 coulomb. On the other hand, if a body has number of electrons, the body will have a negative electric charge of 1 coulomb.
The charged body is an example of electricity that is static. This is because, in the body itself, the electrical charge is restricted. The charge isn’t in motion here. But it causes electric current when the electric charge is in motion. Electrical charging has the potential to do work. That means it can either attract charges of the opposite nature or repel charges of the same nature. A charge is the result of electrons and protons being separated.
Also Read – What is Electrical Energy?